Nautical terms

'Offshore' winds flow from the land towards the sea, while 'onshore' winds blow from a large body of water toward or onto a landmass. To ‘unrig' means to remove sails and other equipment from a ship, while to 'rig' means to fit a ship with sails, shrouds, and yards. A figure-eight knot is often used at the end of lines to stop them from ‘unreeving’. The ‘foremast’ is the forward most mast on a multi-mask sailboat. A ‘gaff sail’ is a four-cornered sail that is attached to the gaff (spar) at the top.

‘Gaff’ is derived from the Low German word for „fork' and refers to the upward projecting spar attached to the mast. The ‘mainsail’ is attached to the main mast. A ‘fisherman‘s knot’ can be used to connect two sheets or ropes. The ‘bowline’ is an ancient and simple knot used to form a fixed loop at the end of a rope. The ‘topsail’ is the topmost sail on the mast. A ‘zeese’ is the trawl net used by Baltic Sea fishermen.

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